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The Ultimate Survival Guide

INTRODUCTION:

Maybe you’re interested in knowing this information for yourself? Or maybe you’re a writer? You might have a character that is stranded on an island, wilderness or anywhere else and they need to survive using their mind, and the things around them. If not that, maybe your character comes from a world where things are done the old fashion way? Or there’s an alien invasion, a zombie apocalypse (or anything else that can cause end of the world), and you want to know how to survive using little to no tools; or how to use the things around you.

Whatever it is, I will make this a very thorough survival guide. Originally I had each section as it’s own post (and I still do for those that want it that way) because I thought it would be too much for one post, but I got a lot of requests to put it all in one. 


WATER:

Water is essential for survival, especially fresh water. 

Your body is about two-thirds water and it uses water to help circulate blood, process food and assist other internal processes. If you don’t drink enough water dehydration sets in. Severe dehydration can start as soon as six hours of not having water, and more than a full day without water is cause for serious concern. The human body can only live about three days without it.

Your main goal is to find a source of water. It could be a river, a lake, springs, snow, rain, plants, and so on. Just be sure to avoid dirty water, such as water that has algae growing in it, discolored water, water in marshes and swamps. It’s important to find the freshest water source you can because it’ll be safer to drink. But lets say you’re somewhere that finding water is difficult. You’ll need to keep in mind of plants that contain water within them, set up rain collectors or condensation traps, whichever is more fitting for your survival.

Once you have a source of water you’ll need to purify it in order to remove the bacteria, contamination, or parasites in it. To purify water there are many methods but none are perfect. Often the best solution is a combination of methods.


FOOD:

Food is the second (the first being water) most essential thing for survival. 

Your body requires food to function properly and the duration of a person’s survival without food is influenced by factors, such as body weight, genetic variation, other health considerations and, most importantly, the presence or absence of dehydration.

A person is able to survive without food for 30 - 40 days, as long as they are properly hydrated. Severe symptoms of starvation begins around 35 - 40 days and death can occur at around 45­ to 61 days. Death from starvation is because of organ failure. So long as a person has water they can survive quite a while without food, but without water they would die (from dehydration) before starvation even sets in. That is why water is so important.

There are many cases in which people have survive without food for a long time by only having water, a famous example is Mahatma Ganhdi. He ate absolutely no food and only took sips of water for 21 days, and survived.

Anyway, even though food doesn’t sound as important it is still needed. Food is a source of energy and it helps you to maintain a normal body temperature. Like I said before, you’ll need food (not just water) in order to function properly. Now that you know why food is important too, you’ll need to learn how to make the tools to catch food, how to hunt, how to gather and prepare them.


FIRE:

Whether it be for warmth, cooking, light, or a sense of security, humans need fire. There are very few, if any, environments on the Earth where humans can survive (over the long term) without it. In the days before we had matches, lighters, electricity, and various other means of providing ourselves with heat, cooking, and light, people had invented a myriad of ways to make fire.


FIRST AID:

It’s essential that you have some basic principles of wilderness first aid and know how to apply them, even under stress. Even knowing how to treat minor injuries can make a difference in a emergency situation. Although there are innumerable injuries and ailments that could affect you, as long as you learn the basic principles of first aid, you can apply them to almost any situation.


SHELTER:

A healthy human can survive for several weeks without food, and a couple of days without water, but in many cases only several hours without proper shelter from the elements. It’s not just the elements that you have to worry about, but shelter also shields you from other things. Such as it hides you from wildlife intruders and provides the psychological comfort ­you need in order to remain calm and in control. Depending on the survival situation you find yourself in, there are several different ways to build a shelter — each one with a particular purpose. 


OTHER IMPORTANT SURVIVAL SKILLS & INFORMATION:

Here’s more survival skills and knowledge that can save your life or your character’s life. 


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